Over 40% of pregnant women have pain in shoulders during pregnancy. This is one of the most common discomforts felt during this period due to huge changes in the woman’s whole body.
Such discomfort may include pulling sensation that awakes women at night, pain that radiates to the neck or pain with symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, especially in early pregnancy.
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Sometimes, the pain comes directly from a shoulder disorder, while in other cases, it may occur from other parts of the body such as the abdominal area, but women feel pain in their shoulders.
In any case, if a pregnant woman experiences such pain, it is recommended to consult a doctor immediately and find out the exact origin, which may also indicate more serious conditions requiring medical attention.
Some Causes Of Pain In Shoulders During Pregnancy
For most pregnant women, shoulder pain may be as simple as a bad night’s sleep; a painful pulling sensation similar to a sprain after a sleep posture changes. This is mainly due to hormones effects and muscles contractions.
As pregnancy progresses, the woman’s body produces hormones to relax ligaments and muscles in preparation of delivery.
Once ligaments in the knees, hips, back, neck and shoulders loosen, shoulder pain manifests and reacts favorably to these stretches when switching to a new sleep position.
In addition, rapid weight gain in a pregnant woman’s body, especially during the second trimester, can also put pressure on the upper back and shoulders muscles, that may result in pain.
Gallstones And Digestive Disorders
Pain in shoulders during pregnancy may as well occur due to digestive disorders and gallstones; cholesterol or calcium deposits in the gallbladder or its bile ducts.
In this case, pregnant women experience sharp and sudden soreness in the upper abdomen, radiating towards the back to the right shoulder. Gallstones generally provoke pain in the upper right side of the abdomen; however, it is possible to have pain behind the right shoulder instead.
When you notice such pain after eating spicy foods accompanied by nausea or vomiting, the most likely cause may be gallstones. Gastroenterology visits for shoulder pain are something that no one would really consider.
Other possible sources of pain in the right shoulder and upper back may include; esophagus or pancreatic disorders, stomach ulcers, flatulence, constipation and bloating.
More Serious Sources Of Pain In Shoulders During Pregnancy
Ectopic Or Tubal Pregnancy
One of the most serious causes of shoulder pain in early pregnancy is an ectopic or tubal pregnancy, which is a potentially fatal issue that requires immediate medical intervention.
This is a lost embryo condition in which implantation did not occur in the intra-uterine region but in another area.
Preeclampsia is another serious condition of pregnancy that shoulder pain can be one of the warning signs. Generally marked by high blood pressure and high protein levels in the urine, Preeclampsia can be particularly dangerous since it may have silent signs.
Every pregnant woman needs to check her blood pressure at home. Developing Preeclampsia should be referred to the hospital to ensure close attention to the mother’s and baby’s health.
Best Blood Pressure Monitors To Try:
In addition to shoulder pain and high blood pressure, symptoms such as severe headaches, blurred vision, pain in the upper right abdomen should also lead you to an immediate call to your doctor.
When Should You Call A Doctor?
You should consult a doctor immediately if symptoms of your shoulders pain include:
- High fever
- Inability to move the shoulder.
- Pain lasting more than 15 days
- Pain with swelling and skin discoloration in affected areas
- Severe right shoulder pain
- Severe headaches
- Upper right abdomen pain
- High blood pressure
- Pressure on the rectum
Shoulders pain that occurs mainly in the early stages of pregnancy accompanied by symptoms, such as:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Low blood pressure
Pregnant women may feel severe abdominal pain, which often radiates to the shoulder and back area. This could be fatal and requires immediate medical intervention.
No matter how mild your pain is, make sure you are diagnosed in time, check with your doctor to find out the reasons of your shoulder pain, and how to improve your condition quickly and effectively.
Simple Steps To Ease Pain In Shoulders During Pregnancy
Expectant mothers can follow these simple steps to ease pain and discomfort in shoulders. Some painkillers can be sore during pregnancy and aren’t recommended without a doctor’s advice.
Good Quality Sleep
Have a good quality sleep and take short breaks to avoid tension accumulation in the painful area. Find a good sleeping position with a healthier and more comfortable mattress.
You can use a cervical pillow and a cushion under your feet or between your legs to improve your sleeping comfort and reduce shoulder strain when you wake up.
Best Cervical Pillows To Try:
Pain in the left shoulder is common during the second and third trimesters, as pregnant women try to sleep on the left side for better blood circulation. You can try to sleep on your back with a pillow fixed under the right side as an alternative sleeping position.
Physiotherapy, yoga, acupressure, swimming, massage, and stretching exercises can help relieve and prevent shoulders pain related to muscle tension and posture changes.
Best Neck and Shoulders Massagers To Try:
During exercise, it is important to stay focused on low-impact activities or work with a qualified prenatal instructor. An intense activity can lead to fatigue and shift in your body’s balance center, causing injuries and shoulders pain.
Applying ice packs and cold pads to the affected area can temporarily reduce shoulders pain. Ice will constrict the blood vessels, which helps numb the pain.
Best Ice Packs To Try:
If your health care provider agrees, apply ice packs on the painful area for about 15 to 20 minutes every four to six hours, and be sure to put a cloth or towel between the ice pack and your skin.
For gallstones, doctors advise following a gentle diet to avoid further complications. A healthy diet and an appropriate amount of rest are recommended to relieve the associated shoulders pain.
Avoid eating spicy or fatty foods to prevent gastric problems that can be manifested as shoulders pain.
Pain in the shoulders during pregnancy is preventable when you remember, from early in your pregnancy, that your body changes to adapt to the miracle of childbirth.
This act of memory should lead to healthy changes in a pregnant woman’s diet, exercise, sleep, work, and emotional contributions.